Understanding the Different Types and Materials of Dental Implants

Dental implants have revolutionized the way we approach tooth loss. With the advancements in dental technology, several types of dental implants and materials are available to cater to various needs. In this article, we will explore these options, helping you make an informed decision for your dental health.

Endosteal Implants

Endosteal implants are the most common type of dental implant. They are placed directly into the jawbone and after the surrounding gum tissue has healed, a second surgery is needed to connect a post to the original implant. Finally, an artificial tooth (or teeth) is attached to the post-individually, or grouped on a bridge or denture.

Subperiosteal Implants

Subperiosteal implants consist of a metal frame that is fitted onto the jawbone just below the gum tissue. As the gums heal, the frame becomes fixed to the jawbone. Posts that are attached to the frame protrude through the gums, and as with endosteal implants, artificial teeth are then mounted to the posts.

Zygomatic Implants

Zygomatic implants are less common and are used when there is insufficient bone in the upper jaw for the placement of regular implants.
They are anchored in the cheekbone rather than the jawbone.

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Materials Used in Dental Implants

Each material has specific properties that make it suitable for different clinical situations.

Titanium Implants

Titanium is the most widely used material for dental implants due to its strength, durability, and biocompatibility. It has the unique ability to fuse with bone, a process known as osseointegration.

Zirconia Implants

Zirconia implants have started to emerge as an alternative to titanium implants. They are favored for their aesthetic qualities as they are white and can better match the natural color of teeth. They also are hypoallergenic and might be suitable for patients with metal sensitivities or allergies.

TPolyether Ether Ketone (PEEK)

A high-strength thermoplastic that can be an alternative to metal implants for patients with allergies or sensitivities, though it’s less common

Stainless Steel

Less commonly used for the implant itself, stainless steel may be used in some components of the dental implant system or for temporary implants.